Löser innovation all världens problem?
Innovation verkar vara lösningen på all världens problem. Hög arbetslöshet? - Det kan vi lösa med innovation. Klimatförändringar? - Släng in lite innovation. Ökad välfärd? - Då måste vi ha hög grad av innovation. Inkomstklyftor och fattigdom? - Mer innovation!
Krönika av Helena Fornstedt, doktorand vid avdelningen för industriell teknik.
Men vad är det för innovation man talar om här? En innovation är något nytt som sprids och det där nya kan egentligen vara nästan vad som helst. När man talar om att innovation som en lösning specificerar man sällan vilken sort innovation man menar.
Detta kan vi fundera på med hjälp av ett exempel framlagt av historikerna Lee Vinsel och Andrew Russell. Exemplet de använder är ett företag som ofta framställs som innovativt, nämligen Apple.
I slutet av november 2018 gjorde Apple en vinst på 14,1 miljarder, och omsättningen ökade med 10,3 miljarder jämfört med föregående år. Men investerarna var inte nöjda och aktien sjönk med 7 procent. Vad kunde nu detta beror på? En anledning var att försäljningen av iPhone det året blev lägre än investerarna trott. Att försäljningen sjönk berodde delvis på sjunkande efterfrågan i Kina, men också på att Apples egna innovativa och billiga batteri-bytes-program blivit populärt.
Många Apple-användare gillade möjligheten att kunna byta batteri för en mindre peng istället för att köpa en ny telefon för en större summa pengar. Användarna kunde då lägga sina pengar på annat.
Det var också bra att telefonerna kunde användas längre och inte slängdes på en soptipp efter alltför kort tid. Dessutom innebar en minskad försäljning att mindre resurser gick åt för att producera telefoner.
Kort sagt var det här billiga batteribytena ganska bra sett från en mängd olika perspektiv. Ändå belönades inte Apple för det på aktiemarknaden. Tvärtom straffades de. När telefonförsäljningen sjönk så sjönk aktien. Detta visar på en begränsning med vårt nuvarande system. Det är svårt för ett företag med krav på ständigt ökande vinst och försäljning att agera på ett hållbart sätt som passar kunderna, men inte investerarna.
När Apple och andra företag, under dessa förutsättningar, vill satsa på innovation tvingas de främst satsa på innovationer som kan ge ökade vinster och passa kunder som har råd att betala för dem, till exempel nya smartphonemodeller. Innovationer som får saker att hålla längre eller gör dem att reparera blir då genast svårare att satsa på.
För att inte tala om innovationer som främst gynnar aktörer med lite eller inga pengar så som fattiga människor, djur, klimatsystem, skogar eller hav.
Detta ger en tydlig begränsning av vilka innovationer företag kan utveckla och det begränsar också de företagsbaserade innovationernas förmåga att lösa all världens problem.
The FINEST innovation center starts project for a sustainable food sector
New proteins, wild berries and experimental food production. Could this be the key to more sustainable food production? The FINEST innovation center is planning to investigate this as part of a four-year project.
Student paper in Energy Systems Engineering receives award
Niklas Ahlm have been awarded first price in The Swedish Energy Markets Inspectorate’s paper competition 2021 for his paper during his studies at the Master's Programme in Energy Systems Engineering.
Waste as a resource
Waste and refuse are no longer just rubbish, but have become an important resource. Today, even a banana peel can be transformed into fuel in the form of biogas, but the most valuable waste is IT products and electronics. Sebastian Abrahamsson and Per Fors, researchers at Uppsala University, explains more in this video (In Swedish).
New episode of the pod Novum Organum: How can future democracies be sustained?
Åsa Wikforss, professor in Theoretical Philosophy and author of 'Why democracy', explicates how current political insecurities thrive on the declining role of 'knowledge', with Associate Professor Annika Skoglund, Uppsala University.
The department is participating in the centres of excellence in sustainable energy systems
Uppsala University has been tasked with coordinating two new centres of excellence for sustainable energy systems – one for solar power and one for nuclear technology. The Department for Civil and Industrial Engineering is a co-applicant and will participate in both centres between 2022 and 2026.
Industry-based doctoral student with one foot in the forest, the other in academia, and an ear to industry
Karin Westlund has always been interested in mathematics and describes herself as a a bit of a ‘country bumpkin’. So she felt right at home at Skogforsk, where she has also been an externally employed doctoral student studying at Uppsala University in the subject area industrial engineering and management for two years.
The life science industry is gearing up for AMR
New episode of the pod Novum Organum: How is the Swedish Innovation Agency re-inventing itself?
Darja Isaksson, Director General at the Swedish Innovation Agency, VINNOVA, explains how 'system innovation' and novel methods are crucial for their mobilization of bottom-up solutions to societal challenges, with Annika Skoglund, Associate Professor, Uppsala University.
USER receives funding
USER - Uppsala Smart Energy Reserach receives 1,4 miljoner SEK to study how the COVID-19 Pandemic have effected the electricity consumption.
Interdisciplinarity and entrepreneurship in two new podcasts
What is it like for a researcher to put on the interviewer’s hat? Researcher Annika Skoglund talks with representatives from academia, the business community and politics in the Novum Organum podcast.
“I’ve received an incredible kick-start to my career”
Hello there... Martina Sjölander, student in the Master’s Programme in Industrial Analytics and the second Uppsala University student in a row at to be named Female Leader Engineer of the Year.
Female Leader Engineer of the Year: Martina Sjölander
Our student Martina Sjölander has been named Female Leader Engineer of the Year. Martina has studied the Bachelor's Programme in Mechanical Engineering and is now studying for the Master's Programme in Industrial Analytics.
New episode of the pod Novum Organum: Green Deep Tech Transfer - is a combination of love and money needed?
Jane Walerud, serial entrepreneur and investor, reflects on how she invests both emotionally and monetarily in extremely early stages to solve interconnected challenges through commercialization of research. With Annika Skoglund, Associate Professor, Uppsala University.
“Research in industrial engineering can be linked to much of what is happening at RISE”
Petter Forsberg has one foot firmly planted in the Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering at Uppsala University and the other in the Research Institutes of Sweden (RISE). The fact that he has two roles has many advantages – both for himself and for his employers.
Dissertation: The Digital Transformation of the Manufacturing Industry: Metamorphic Changes and Value Creation in the Industrial Network
Vincent Fremont defends his doctoral thesis. The doctoral thesis is published in the university's publication database DiVA, where you also find time and place for the dissertation.
Recorded seminar from Almedalen Week: The customer as a key player in the energy market of the future
Watch the digital seminar from this year's Almedalen Week "The customer as a key player in the energy market of the future" (in Swedish), held by Swedish Energy Markets Inspectorate, where our researcher Cajsa Bartusch was one of the panel participants.
New episode of the pod Novum Organum: Blue sky research within business - will future steel production be fossil free?
Martin Lindqvist, President and CEO of SSAB, explains how future fossil free steel production will be accomplished with a new method called HYBRIT, with Annika Skoglund, Associate Professor, Uppsala University.
Great value in garbage
In the quest for a circular economy and a sustainable society, we need to transform our waste into a resource. In the so-called waste package, the Riksdag and the Swedish Government have adopted new legislation that to a far greater extent considers waste to be a resource. The waste package is due to be introduced in 2025 and Uppsala University is currently conducting research on the subject.
Using films and the “suture”-concept in engineering ethics education to support students taking other perspectives
In engineering ethics education, we encourage the student to see different perspectives of an issue for example structured debates or through role play. By doing so, we stimulate moral reasoning but also imagination and empathy. Film could be a means for immersing the viewer into the perspective of others.
Webbinar June 1: The path of the refrigerated goods across the sea
What can we learn from modern maritime history? This is an issue that will be addressed in the fourth webinar in the Managing Shipping series on June 1 at University of Gothenburg. Thomas Lennerfors from Uppsala University will in his presentation be based on his research on maritime transporters of refrigerated goods and its history. The webinar is free and open to everyone. The webinar will be held in English.
New episode of the pod Novum Organum: interview with Matilda Ernkrans
Matilda Ernkrans, Minister of Higher Education and Research, explains the Swedish strategy to secure academic freedom and prosperity. With Annika Skoglund, Associate Professor, Uppsala University.
Docentship lecture: Sustainability Strategies and Management Control in Industrial Organizations
Collaboration for a more sustainable food industry
Collaboration is the key when the food industry has to change. Finest is a four-year center initiative consisting of Rise, Chalmers and Uppsala University as well as 15 actors from the Swedish business community. The goal is to accelerate the transition to a more sustainable food system.
Wants permanent collaboration against antibiotic problems
Within the framework of Platinea (PLATform for INnovation of Existing Antibiotics), 16 actors have collaborated over the past three years to solve problems regarding antibiotics in Sweden. Collaboration is focused on optimizing the use of existing antibiotics and increasing the supply of important antibiotics that risk disappearing from Sweden.
Who should the self-driving car hit? Ethical dilemmas around technology
What are your underlying assumptions in having students go through your cases?
WHAT IS THIS CASE ALSO A CASE OF?
Our own research on cases in management education shows that cases provide heroic, individualistic and uncritical perspectives on leadership and organization, that they have a narrow scope and focus exclusively on the company and its shareholders, and that they are biased towards masculinity, managerialism and American capitalism. I argue here that engineering ethics should carefully scrutinize the underlying ideas that a teaching case is representing. What are your cases also a case of? What are your underlying assumptions in having students go through your cases?
Wild bilberries - an untapped resource
Only 2–5 percent of the berries in the Swedish forests are picked. Why not make more use of this resource? This is what the researchers at the newly started center FINEST wonder. They want to help local businesses see the potential of wild berries.
How to get a PhD in Industrial Engineering and Management
Tuesday 20 April at 13.15-15.00 (CEST)
First flight shame, then corona - researcher increasingly attend conferences online
How will academic conferences be organised after the pandemic? We will most likely fly much less, but how do we create meaningful encounters between researcher where new ideas can flow? Can virtual conferences be more inclusive? Nina Kivinen, associate professor at the Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, discusses flight shame and digital conferences together with other researchers in Svenska Yle (Finland)
Advances seminars August 2020 - June 2021
The project "Between the map and visitor experience" received an award from Uppsala University Innovation. Rickard Grassman, Klas Palm and Ulrika Persson-Fischier from our department participated in the project. It was a collaboration with the tourism industry on Gotland, and aimed at increasing social and economic sustainability within cruise tourism, by mapping the tourists movements with GPS and their satisfaction and experiences while at the destination.
Knowing where tourists actually are and for how long, what routes they take and what they are looking for, unnecessary social congestion can be avoided, benefiting both tourists and locals, and the local businesses can plan their activities so that the benefits of cruise tourism can be accessed by all. The award is for innovative and scalable collaborative projects
The Entrepreneurship School at Uppsala University – if you wish to enhance your creativity in an innovative commercialization process!
Apply to The Entrepreneurship School by loggin in to your engineering program at antagning.se. Don’t forget to attach a personal letter and CV.
Project for Internetstiftelsen
The project “Measuring the effect of publishing and using open data in Sweden”, with Serdar Temiz, Simon Okwir and Anders Brantnell at Industrial Engineering and Management as the project team, has been accepted by Internetstiftelsen. It is a 900 KSEK project that runs from May 2020 to December 2021. Congratulations to the project team!
Granted Pre-study funding from UUI
Klas Palm at our division has been granted pre-study funding from UU Innovation, UUI, to lead the development of a test bed for the collaboration and system challenges of the healthcare system in the spring of 2020. This together with Region Uppsala and the county's eight municipalities.
Published article "Capacity development for innovation in the public sector"
The article "Capacity development for innovation in the public sector" by Klas Palm at our division has been published in the International Journal of Quality and Social Science.